Recommended Internet Systems & Cellular Plans

Below are some of the current systems / hardware / plans I recommend. These are constantly changing, so check back often.

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Cellular Plans


T-Mobile has a $55/month plan that provides 100GB of data. This plan has come and gone over the last 7 months or so, and the price has gone from $50 to $55. It has a lot of great features which you can read about in the article below, although some may have changed since the plan was retired and then brought back again at least once.

Recent reports indicate you have to call or go into a T-Mobile store to get this plan – it does not appear to be available online. It also appears to be available primarily via pre-paid plan, not as an additional line on an existing account.

I've used multiple versions of this plan / SIM in Peplink, Teltonika, CradlePoint, and Verizon branded hotspots without any issues.


Verizon has a range of data-only postpaid plans that were announced in late July 2021 available at

The plans include 15, 50, 100, or 150GB of monthly data.

All plans are available to existing Verizon customers, and the Pro and Premium plans appear to be available standalone as well, although their prices are higher at $90 and $110 respectively. These are postpaid plans, not pre-paid like the AT&T and T-Mobile one above/below.

Pro and Premium also include access to Verizon's 5G Ultra Wideband network with 4K streaming, while the Essential plan has 720p streaming only and no 5G access.

The plans are capped at the monthly data allowance, similar to the T-Mobile plan above. This means once you pass your data allowance amount, speeds are throttled down quite a bit. On 5G Ultra Wideband (hard to get with current mobile routers) things will slow to around 3Mbps, and any LTE will slow down to about 600Kbps, which is pretty slow.

So far I have tested this in a handful of Peplink and CradlePoint products without any issues. I have not tested it with the newer 5G versions, nor have I tested it with other hardware from MikroTik, Amarok, Teltonika, etc. Please post your test notes in the comments below.


AT&T has a pre-paid 100GB a month plan for $55 which is a fantastic value. There are some caveats – you have to pre-pay for it monthly, versus having it on an existing AT&T account (post paid), you have to sign up in store, and there are some known issues with drop outs or data problems that are still being resolved.

If you need a good plan from AT&T, check it out at

Finding a Plan

Make sure to check out my article on Finding a cellular data plan for the boat for recommendations on the types of plans, how to set up the plan, and details behind 3rd party vendors, among other things.

Cellular Systems

There are a lot of choices for systems, so many that this could be a very exhaustive list. I've only listed the most popular ones I've recommended or installed in three tiers – good, better, and best.


Netgear Hotspot

My favorite hotspot right now is the Netgear Nighthawk M1 which is a very powerful hotspot that also includes an ethernet port. It has great battery life and is very easy to use.

I highly recommend getting the Netgear MIMO antenna with it – it plugs in to small ports on the side of the router and will really help increase your signal and performance.

Teltonika RUTX11

The Teltonika RUTX11 is a single cellular radio router with 2.4/5Ghz local WiFi, multiple LAN and WAN ports, and other great features. You can read my review on it below.

Why this is in the “Good” category and not the “Better” category is that it does not have as many easy-to-use features as the Pepwave MAX BR1 MK2 below. It's a very powerful router, and has a similar CAT6 modem, and for those looking for a good option, this is a great choice.


Pepwave MAX BR1 MK2 Category 6 router

The BR1 series was what launched Pepwave into the market and has been popular with boaters for years, and the BR1 MK2 is the latest version of that line. It has a single category 6 cellular radio, runs off of DC power, has a LAN and WAN ethernet port, and creates a local 2.4/5Ghz WiFi network.

I don't recommend it as much as some of the other Peplink products because of two main reasons. First, it is a category 6 modem which is quite old and does not support the newer bands that many providers are using in longer reach situations, which is where you'll be with a boat. Second, it is a single radio system which means that you have no redundancy and cannot use features like SpeedFusion to provide better performance and redundancy when working remote.

However, it is still a major upgrade from a hotspot or other system, and especially on power limited boats it can be a great system.

If you need better connectivity than a hotspot, and do not need redundancy, the BR1 MK2 is a good choice. Pair it with a Peplink Puma 221 LTE + WIFI + GPS antenna that is mounted outside, and you have a very powerful setup.


Pepwave MAX Transit series

There are two flavors to choose from – the MAX Transit CAT18 and the MAX Transit DUO.

Both MAX Transit products create a powerful local 2.4/5Ghz WiFi network, have a WAN port that can be used to connect to a WiFi extender or other device, a LAN port to connect to a computer or a switch, run off of DC power, and have a wealth of software features that are too much to go into detail here.

MAX Transit DUO CAT12 – this is a full featured router with two cellular radios operating at category 12. This is the most popular device I recommend because it provides redundancy – you can be connected to two cellular providers at once. Combine that with SpeedFusion, and you have an enterprise-grade redundant connection that is optimized for remote work, Zoom, etc. Choose this if you need the best portable dual-radio router on the market with decent speed and excellent redundancy.

MAX Transit CAT18 – this is the latest and greatest from Peplink and has a very fast CAT18 modem in it. It has 4 LTE antennas just for that modem, and two antennas for WiFi along with a WAN ethernet port (for a MikroTik or other device) and a single LAN ethernet port to connect to a computer or switch. The only down-side to this product is that it has only one cellular radio / connection, so if you need redundancy or more throughput, look at the MAX Transit DUO above. Choose this if you need the best band support available and higher download speeds.

With both of these products I recommend 2x Poynting OMNI-402 antennas mounted outside. If real-estate is an issue, you can try 1x of the antennas and use two of the factory indoor antennas, two Peplink Puma 221 antennas, or a single Peplink Puma 401 antenna.

Pepwave MAX Dome series

This is a very compact and powerful router contained in an outdoor dome. The big benefit is that the antennas and radios are all within the dome, so there is very little signal loss compared to an antenna and cable in the traditional routers. They have almost all of the features of a normal Pepwave router, but they do not create a local WiFi network – you'll need an access point like the AP One Rugged to create that inside the boat.

You will also need the SIM injector which will power the domes and hold your SIM cards. You can use the domes without this and leverage a PoE adapter, but that requires changing the SIM cards in the dome itself, which could be difficult.

HD1 Dome – single cellular CAT18 radio. This is the best of the two products because of the performance and bands it supports. It is only a single radio, which is a limit if you want to use SpeedFusion.

HD2 Dome – dual cellular radio – one is CAT12 and one is CAT6. I actually rarely recommend this product because the radios are quite old – CAT6 in particular. However if you need dual radios for redundancy or SpeedFusion, then this could be a good choice.

You can read my review of this equipment below.

With this product you will need to add a WiFi access point inside the boat, as the dome goes outside and does not have WiFi capability. I recommend the AP One Rugged as the indoor access point.

Antennas & Cabling

You can find specific antenna / router combos above, but here are the antennas and cabling I recommend if you already have something.

Poynting OMNI-400 / 402 / 496

The best marine-grade antennas right now are the Poynting OMNI 400 series. They have wonderful marine mounts, easy to install, and excellent performance in almost all conditions. In particular, they are great in very low signal situations given their size.

The OMNI-400 is a single cellular antenna with an N-type connection, and while the best performer, is probably best paired with a booster. Any modern cellular router is going to require at least 2x cellular antennas, so the OMNI-402 might be a better choice if you don't have unlimited real estate.

The OMNI-402 is a dual cellular antenna (2×2 MIMO) which is great for any single cellular router like the BR1, or use two of these with a dual cellular or category 18 router.

The OMNI-496 is specifically tuned for WiFi frequencies and is a good choice if WiFi as WAN or connecting to a remote WiFi network is important to you. You could also use a WiFi booster (see below) which is cheaper, but requires a lot more technical know-how. The 496 can be connected to WiFi ports on Peplink and Teltonika equipment and allow them to have a much higher performing antenna to grab remote WiFi networks.

Peplink Puma 221 / 401

Peplink came out with the Puma line about a year ago and they are fantastic performing antennas. In the lower bands/frequencies, they actually beat the Poynting antennas. They're quite a bit smaller form factor, but are a bit more work to mount on a boat.

I've seen excellent performance if you do not extend the factory cables that come with them (about 6 feet) which means potentially mounting the router near an outside location.

The Puma 221 is 2x cellular, 2x WiFi and 1x GPS antenna all in the one dome. This is great for a single cellular router like the BR1, or you can get two of them for a MAX Transit, and have WiFi as WAN amplified as well.

The Puma 401 is a 4x cellular antenna, so a good choice for the MAX Transit CAT18.

LMR-400 ultra flex cabling

I always recommend using the highest quality cable possible, and as short as possible, to any antenna. My cabling of choice is LMR-400 ultraflex, and I buy it pre-made to the right lengths, with the right connectors from

WiFi Booster

There is really only one booster I recommend, and it is the MikroTik Groove. It is very inexpensive, quite powerful, but it is difficult to setup and use.

It requires power via the included power over ethernet adapter, or a separate DC adapter. The output from the booster is an ethernet cable which will need to be connected to a router or computer inside the boat.

If you are non-technical, I recommend buying a Peplink router along with external WiFi antennas and using the WiFi as WAN feature. It is quite a bit more expensive ($400 for the antennas alone) but if you cannot deal with technical issues, this is your only choice. Other manufacturers sell simplified WiFi extenders for $500 and up.

Cellular Booster

I rarely recommend boosters anymore because they don't provide as big a benefit as a really high quality outdoor antenna connected to a router. They only really work in areas with very, very low signal levels.

If you are interested in a booster, the weBoost Drive Reach is one of the best out there. You can combine this with a Poynting OMNI-400 for a very robust marine-grade booster setup. More info in my review below.

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Related Articles

  • These are my recommended system designs for getting high quality Internet on your boat. There are several different choices depending on your budget.

  • The Poynting OMNI-496 is an excellent dual band WiFi antenna built for the marine world.

62 thoughts on “Recommended Internet Systems & Cellular Plans”

  1. Regarding AT&T, they have a little known wireless internet plan that includes a wireless modem. This plan is $110 per month with 100GB of data and not throttle. I have running on this plan for two years now and it is exceptional in the San Francisco Bay area. I work from my boat and the data up/down speeds have not been issue. We regularly stream video content with no lag.

  2. Steve, I have a feeling I already know the answer, but by any chance are you aware if there is a Peplink device that is or can function as an ‘HD Dome for Wifi’ ? Which I mean to say, a device with an integrated antenna, externally mountable, weatherized, PoE dome or box that can function for Wifi-as-WAN? My research has drawn a blank.

    The HD Dome is attractive, in spite of price vs features compared to the Transit series, simply for being able skip the antennas and cabling. I know enough of RF to know that antennas and cabling are more of a dark art than they have any right to be. My personal preference would be to keep the RF signal runs to within devices and ‘convert’ to PoE ethernet ‘digital signaling’ as soon as possible. I figured I would always be struggling with RF cabling for a decent roaming internet system, but the HD Dome tempts me with getting ‘halfway’ (LTE but not wifi) towards not needing the RF cabling.

    Or maybe I should just accept that wifi-as-wan is probably not going to end up being all that brilliant anyways and just stick with the HD Dome and LTE alone. I’m sure that the Groove plugged into a port configured as WAN could work, but then you’d loose the single user interface from peplink. And if I have to work with multiple UIs, I’d probably seriously consider rolling my own with pfsense at that that point, since I’m already comfortable with that OS.

    • There is no Dome equivalent for WiFi as WAN right now. It’s something that has been discussed at length in the Peplink forums, and I’ve brought it up to my contacts at Peplink as well. It’s definitely on their radar, although WiFi as WAN is definitely a secondary feature set for them – they’re primarily focused on cellular.

      The other issue with the Domes is that you also need some sort of indoor WiFi access point, which if you only have one dome, is fine to do with the AP One Rugged. If you want two domes for redundancy or SpeedFusion, as I have, then you need a central router inside the boat which creates all sorts of other issues. Lack of PoE power on WAN ports, three different UIs to manage (2 domes and one router) and a few other issues that I’ve documented in a recent forum post as well.

      The bottom line is that Peplink has some work to do with all of these solutions – they need a good, non-antenna focused outdoor marine dual radio dome and a secondary dome option with WiFi only that all feed back to a central router that can manage them centrally.

    • I think you may have meant RedPort Halo. I played around with one a couple of years ago, but it is 2.4Ghz WiFi only, which can be mostly unusable in marinas (see In general, most of the 2.4Ghz solutions are pretty equal if they are this same form factor – an outdoor unit with a decent antenna. RedPort paired theirs with a really good 9dB antenna, so it would likely perform very well.

      It looks like it is unavailable on Amazon, but was about $400. If I remember correctly, I think it could have been based on the older Ubiquiti Bullet platform which is no longer available either, so perhaps there are some stock issues?

      This would fall into that category of WiFi boosters that are more expensive than a MikroTik Groove (which has 5Ghz BTW) – you’re paying for the simplified setup and screens which could be worth it depending on your technical ability.

  3. Just came across your blog, and it looks like great info. We’ve been frustrated with marina wi-fi, and are seeking affordable solutions.

    We aren’t techy and don’t need to work while cruising. Just looking for a reliable wi-fi service that gives us internet access, not Zoom or heavy data use. We’d also like to be able to use our smart TV, which is almost useless for us at present.

    We use AT&T now, and can use it as a hotspot, but some areas have limited signal strength for AT&T.

    What do you suggest for tech-ignorant cruisers who just want to be connected more reliably?

    • A dedicated hotspot device like the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is definitely a cost-effective way to stay connected, if that is similar to what you already have. You can add an external antenna like the one I talk about, which will often times work with multiple brands of hotspots. That can help with low signal areas, and in areas with better signal, improve the overall experience.

      Right now, the best plan out there is the 100GB/month one from T-Mobile, but depending on where you are in the country, that might not work for you. They have great coverage out here on the West Coast and in particular in the cruising grounds of Puget Sound.

      If you want to go one step up, you can try the other routing devices, but they are quite a bit more complicated than a hotspot.

  4. Word to the wise, if you want the T-Mobile $50/100GB plan, buy the prepaid SIM in the store and make sure you set up your T-Mobile ID while you are there. I could not find a way to order the post-paid stand-alone data plan on their web site. The pre-paid order flow always got stuck before I could check out. And the the phone sales person spent forty five minutes trying to figure out what to do about the IMEI for my PepLink MAX Transit not validating in her system before my call got dropped. The lady at the store sold me an activated SIM in five minutes with no IMEI check or registration. It worked without a hitch when I got it home and plugged it onto my router. (Haven’t installed it on the boat yet). The only thing was that when I tried to set up my T-Mobile account online after getting the SIM home it wanted to send a verification text to the phone number of the SIM card, which of course can’t receive messages. Their phone support guy suggested that I take the SIM out of the router and pop it in a phone to receive the verification text, but of course I’d have to pop the nano SIM out of the mini frame to do that, and then I couldn’t put it back on my router. My only other option to set up an account to automatically reload the SIM is to go back to the store, which I will do tomorrow. A big headache, but a far better deal than any other data-only plan on the market right now.

    I went by the AT&T store afterwards to see about adding a second SIM as an additional line on my phone plan, but the caps were low and the prices were ridiculous. The thing is I’ve got thirty gigs of tethered data on each of my devices, so I was thinking about just using those in hot-spot mode where they have decent coverage as secondary data sources via the WiFi WAN settings. Any thoughts on this approach, and whether it would be worth using a signal booster for the phones and/or sharing their data connection via the WiFi WAN configuration in the PepLink as opposed to just tapping into them dorectly?

    Pity there aren’t any other better BYOD data-only plans out there right now to fill that second SIM slot.

    • Thanks for the feedback. One of the biggest challenges is signing up for a plan. I think I mentioned it in this article, but also in that the safest way to get this particular plan is pre-paid, not post-paid, and online, not in person. Initially when it came out, going into a store resulted in confusion and no plan. Sounds like some places are better in person now.

      Trying to combine it with an existing account is going to be very problematic – I’ve heard from a number of folks who have either never gotten it to work, or had hours of time on the phone.

      I don’t know why these companies make it so hard! We just want to give them money for data!

      • I wonder if COVID has caused some of these carriers to dial back or raise prices on their data only offerings in response to high demand? Good to see at least T-Mobile going the other way, even if they don’t make it easy.

        On that front: I saved myself a second trip to the T-Mobile store by finding the setting in the SIM Toolkit (Advanced > Misc Settings > SIM Toolkit) in the web administration interface that lets you read SMS messages that have been sent to the SIM!

        Using the verification code sent to the router I’ve now been able to set up a T-Mobile ID for my pre-paid data account and save a credit card as a payment method. But now the web site is generating an “Unknown System Error” message when I try to set up an automatic payment to that card. I will try again when I get closer to my renewal date before engaging with their awful account support reps about it.

  5. Does anyone know if Starlink will ever be an option for boats and if so what the timeline for this would be? I got in the beta program but when I looked at the dish and the requirements it was clear that there is no way to make it work on a moving boat.

  6. Steve
    I am interested in installing a mobile connection in my boat and feom reading through your articles seems like the peplinx transit duo is the way to go. I would like to keep it to one antenna. Looks like the peplink 401 will handle all the LTE portion for that router? Does the 401 do wifi as well? If i am not looking at wifi as a priority can the transit still grab a signal with the 6″ antennas provided with the unit or is external really needed? From your info looks like two 201 antennas would be the next option for the least antennas. In this case does one of the antennas wifi cables not get used?


    • Hi Lee,
      The Peplink Puma series of antennas ( comes in a few different versions. There isn’t one that does 4x LTE as well as WiFi, and there’s a reason for that. Most of those types of antennas, like some from MobileMark, are not going to be that great on a boat. These are typically called “puck” antennas and they are meant for cars and trucks in metro areas, such as police and EMS. They don’t have higher gain bits in them, so they won’t work on a boat rolling around in some anchorage further away very well at all.

      With the models of Puma available, you could use a Puma 401 for the 4x LTE connections, and a Puma 020 for the 2x WiFi connections. Or two Puma 221s which have 2x LTE and 2x WiFi – sort of wasteful for the second one with WiFi, but it would separate out your LTE and maybe allow some more diversity.

      The Transit might be able to grab remote WiFi signals without an outdoor WiFi antenna, but it won’t be anywhere near as reliable. It also highly depends on where you mount the router and what is around it in terms of interference. Keep in mind as well that by using the on-board WiFi to grab a remote signal, you slow down the performance of your local WiFi network that the Peplink is creating. Some folks add an AP One Rugged if they have coverage or performance issues to broadcast their local WiFi network.

    • Puck antennas in general are not great on boats because of their lower gain. Many also require what is called a ground plane which is a big piece of metal or grounding material which is really hard to do on a boat without making things look really ugly.

      • Should one expect significantly better afloat performance from a Poynting MIMO-3-15 than a Pepwave Puma-221 in this case? The latter form factor would work better for me, but perhaps the performance would justify additional complications. Either would be connected to an existing Max Transit being used for LTE and WiFi as WAN upgrading from a mix of older internal (WiFi) and external (LTE) antennas.

        • I’ve had very good results with the Puma 421 and 401 series antennas, which are derivatives of the 221. They have excellent performance in the lower bands and are pretty small. They don’t have great marine mounting setups though. The key is to not add any extensions to the existing cables on any of these antennas, Poynting or Peplink – otherwise you add quite a bit of loss.

          The Poynting MIMO series has been hard to get a hold of, and I haven’t tested it yet. They don’t seem to be as good as the Peplink ones, though, on paper.

      • Taking the gain and profile issues into account, should we expect a significant difference in afloat performance between a Pepwave Puma 221 and a Poynting MIMO-3-15? I already have a MaxTransit router and am looking at updating the antennas for LTE and WiFi as WAN purposes. The Puma profile would work better for me, but the complications of the fin might be worthwhile for a significant performance boost.

        • The Pepwave Puma antenna has really impressed me – I have three that I have been testing for quite a while, and it has done extremely well in very adverse signal conditions. The Poynting MIMO 3-15 and other variants has lower gain numbers, and while I have not had as much time testing it, I would say that the Puma would be my choice right now given the performance it has been showing.

  7. Steve do you think I will see an improvement over my tethered Iphone 11 on TMobile in elliot bay marina with the good options listed here? I dont want to get into the $1500 price point but want more reliable data than the 1 bar of Tmobile I get on the phone. i.e. is a cat 6 modem based unit going to be an improvement over an iphone 11 which I believe has a cat18 modeM

    • It’s not just the type of modem, but the quality and size of antenna. The higher/newer category modems do help in situations where you want more bands connected simultaneously to help with the signal strength, or where a carrier, like T-Mobile, spins up new bands that work better.

      T-Mobile is pretty bad in Elliott Bay Marina. I have been testing a new 5G product from Peplink and it works phenomenally better than ever before, but I suspect that is because those are new bands, and few people are on them yet.

      • Thanks Steve. I did buy a poynting wifi antenna for my mikrotik from miltech based on your experience and it’s a great improvement. That is giving me confidence to explore the poynting lte Antenna and setup as well.

  8. Steve, really appreciate the recommendations and research behind them. I have a Pepwave Max BR1 Mini that I got on the way down to Mexico to replace the dead cellular part of an old Wirie+ unit I’ve had for several years. I continued to use the Wirie+ for marina wifi while using the Mini with an external WireEng 4g antenna mounted on the top of the pilot house. Now the wifi part (Bullet) of the Wirie+ is dead, and I am wondering about using the Mini for wifi, too. I’d have to unlock the wifi as wan feature on the Mini for $100, and would probably buy the recommended Poynting Wifi antenna.
    My questions to you, if you don’t mind:
    – How good/usable is the wifi as wan module on the Pepwave products? Is it easy to scan for and connect to wifi networks?
    – Would you recommend upgrading to the Poynting dual cellular antenna? I assume that I’d then need to run an extra cable?
    – Any suggestions for extending/improving the strength of the wifi network created by the mini? There isn’t a “local” wifi antenna connection on the device.

    Thanks in advance!

    • Hi Larry,
      The WiFi-as-WAN feature is very easy to use in the Pepwave. I use it every day, and it shows up as just another WAN source, allowing easy prioritization and such. Looking for a WiFi network is very easy, and you can sort them by open or secured, along with saving favorite ones. I find it to be a good interface with a decent amount of options.

      An alternative would be the MikroTik Groove, which I write about a decent amount. It is much more difficult to use, but is very powerful, and is about $90. That would connect to the WAN port of your BR1 and it has its own integrated antenna, and is powered off of PoE into the ethernet port, so easy cabling – might even drop into where you had the Bullet.

      The Groove is difficult to use though, and can be frustrating, so check out some of the articles here on it first.

      WiFi-as-WAN will also reduce the WiFi performance on the BR1 depending on the model you have. Many of the BR series only have two WiFi antennas – one for 2.4Ghz and one for 5Ghz – and when you use WiFi as WAN, you cut the performance of both or one of those in half. It won’t reduce the signal that much, but just the performance.

      If you connect outdoor antennas to the WiFi ports, then you could have issues with things inside depending on where those antennas live. Most customers I work with I end up recommending a MAX or BR1 as the main “WAN” unit that does LTE/cellular, WAN port, and WiFi as WAN, and does not actually broadcast a WiFi signal. Then we pair it with one or more AP One Rugged units which are WiFi only and are managed by the BR1/MAX and placed in places around the boat that make sense. That also means the router can be closer to the outside, shorter cable runs to outdoor antennas, etc.

      For the LTE side, the Poynting series of antennas are excellent.

      • Thanks, Steve, that is very helpful. It turns out that I somehow had a software key for the wifi as wan option and was able to get the license key from Peplink support. I agree that it is easy to use. But, given the antenna configuration that you describe, I do not think it would work very effectively with my external wifi antenna. I do have another wifi router on board that I use for nav equipment, but I think that should be kept as dedicated. I will look into the AP One units.

  9. I’m a little confused, I have the Netgear Nighthawk hotspot, is there any signal benefit to getting any antenna other than the Netgear MIMO antenna with this device? Also, I have the t-mobile plan you mentioned was retired, do you know if existing customers will be able to keep it? I haven’t seen any notifications yet but don’t want to ask!

    • Hi Brian,
      The little square MIMO antenna is a good one, but if you are having issues in more remote areas, you could get a Poynting OMNI-402 and conversion cables to plug it into the two ports on the Nighthawk.

      I’m not aware of T-Mobile cancelling the plan if you already have it. Just make sure you don’t miss a payment or have a credit card issue or anything. In many cases with pre-paid plans (if that is the version you have) one missed payment will render the plan dead.

      • Thanks for the info. I got the Netgear one yesterday, I’ll try it out shortly, and hopefully that is sufficient. I definitely appreciate the info you post on the site, it really helps clarify what is otherwise somewhat overwhelming!

  10. I just picked up the ATT prepaid SIM at their store in Sitka and was very excited to drop it in to my Max Transit. So far though it is only connecting at 3G speed even though I have four bars of LTE on my ATT phone. Are these the “data issues” you were referring to?

    • Hi Ian,
      No, that’s either coverage or something else going on. The issues that are happening appear to be around the data connection hanging every so often, either requiring a re-connect or sometimes just waiting.

      • Yep, I got it sorted out by manually associating my router IMEI number with the SIM through the AT&T prepaid account site. (The rep in the store said this step would not be necessary.) I have had to manually reset the connection a few times but generally the coverage and availability was quite good throughout SE Alaska. This was a total lifesaver for me after I failed to read the fine print on my T-Mobile prepaid plan and discovered that their Alaska “partner” coverage is classified as domestic roaming and capped at 128 MB before throttling! I also picked up a GCI prepaid SIM that was next to useless as most of their coverage in SE is voice and text only.

        • Good to know! TMO is generally only usable roaming wise in Canada. SE Alaska is a challenge for them, and AT&T or just going direct to GCI is the only choice I’ve heard of working enough to be connected. Still limited in terms of bandwidth and locations, but it is better than the alternative!

  11. Hi – what is your opinion on the use of something like the MOFI4500-4GXeLTE-SIM7 that directly uses a cell carrier SIM from an existing phone (not hotspot)? I have heard that this form of router allows the use of unlimited cell plans for phones (from the likes of AT&T) as the carrier sees it as a “phone” and not a hotspot.

    I’m assuming that you can’t simply stick a SIM from an unlimited cell-phone plan directly into something like the Pepwave MAX BR1 MK2 CAT6 router and have it work as the carrier identifies the hardware differently?

    • Hi Nick,

      Pretty much all routers, including the MOFI stuff, shows up as a router, not a cell phone. In order to show up as a cell phone to the provider, they would have to fake looking like a phone and do a lot of other stuff that would get them in a ton of trouble. All of the products out there get their “modems” or cellular connections from a few vendors, and they have to set them up a particular way to even access the network.

      You are correct, though – many carriers and routers will not allow you to just move an unlimited SIM from a phone into the router without them noticing. Some will work just fine depending on the plan, while others will slow down or not even connect as they notice what you’ve done. T-Mobile did this with some of their plans last year, and specific modems from a company called Telit.

      However, there are plenty of examples where using a cellular phone plan in a router works fine too. It really comes down to the SIM, plan, and the router you’re going to be using. What doesn’t exist is a router that will bypass all of this and look like a phone…

  12. Everyone should be aware that SpeedFusion is turned off after one year unless an extra annual subscription fee is paid. Steve, would you still recommend Pepwave Max routers without SpeedFusion?

    • SpeedFusion does not get turned off. I think what you’re referring to is the SpeedFusion Cloud requirements for a plan and warranty.

      SpeedFusion Cloud is a paid plan that is set by date and amount of data you use. Once one of those runs out, you have to add a new plan. Last I checked, it was something like $50 for 2 terabytes, and lasts a year, but it can vary by device. This is why I recommend folks don’t send everything out SpeedFusion Cloud, and this particular plan usually will suffice for a year. That’s pretty cheap when you consider what you’re getting for it!

      The second is device warranty. Peplink is starting to enforce that you have the product under warranty to use their cloud. They’ve done this for years with their remote management suite InControl, and the Cloud part is also required to have a valid warranty. This allows them to make sure you’re using supported and modern hardware with the Cloud, among other things, and is pretty common in any tech industry. You can get Peplink products that include this via their SmartCare program, and vendors will often offer a 3 year warranty when you buy it.

      SpeedFusion still works without SpeedFusion Cloud and without the warranty. Nothing gets turned off in the product that I’m aware of. I use SpeedFusion to another Peplink device, and to a Peplink virtual router in the cloud, and have for many years prior to SpeedFusion Cloud being a thing. If you want the convenience of their Cloud and support, then you do have to have a plan and warranty.

      Compare this to the other vendor in this space, which I do not recommend at all because of their policies – CradlePoint. They require that you pay a software licensing fee every year, which can be well over $500, or features within the product are disabled. Some of these features can include the actual cellular radio which means you can’t even use the product standalone!

      Peplink’s cloud fees are pretty cheap, and their warranty is also usually $100 or less per unit (depending on the model of course) and gives you access to their cloud, but also access to InControl which is an amazing tool if you’ve never tried it.

  13. Steve, thank you so much for providing this wealth of information. It’s the most useful resource I’ve found. Have you looked into Neptulink? Do you have any opinions on it?

    • Hi Paul,
      I did look into it in early 2020, and was surprised at some of their antenna claims. I did contact them, but never heard back as to my specific technical questions. I would want to know a lot more about the solution and how it gets to those numbers before buying anything.

  14. Data regarding available cell plans is dated both AT&T (100GB/$55/month post paid) and T-Mobile (100GB/$50/month pre-paid) offer 100GB/Month hot spot plans. T-Mobile even tosses in a modem for free (for a two-year obligation).

    I followed a RV connectivity group “on the Facebook” (LOL) to get up-to-date info on offerings and pulled the trigger when the unlimited 100GB offerings came ’round.

    I am a sailor but am using a Netgear M1 and a M5 to work from home while I select a carrier. Later it will be Chippie and Digicel.

  15. Steve, Great info! Do you know if the Netgear Nighthawk M1 will still work with the prepaid AT&T plan since it’s 5G?

    • It will most likely fall back to 4G, but it really depends on the plan. I assume you’re referring to the $50/month prepaid hotspot plan that they just came out with recently? I don’t know of any restrictions with that particular plan outside of devices that AT&T supports…

    • Multi/combo/puck antennas do not generally perform well because of their size and the number of antenna elements inside them all competing for space. In almost all cases, the bigger the antenna, the better the performance.

      I’ve tried to get the Poynting MIMO-3 series to test, but have been unable to. There is data to support that it won’t be as good as larger antennas, though.

      I have been using the Peplink Mobility (used to be called Puma) series of all-in-one antennas and have been very pleased with their performance even compared to a Poynting OMNI series. I’m still doing testing with a couple of newer models, and will share that info soon.

      • Thank you. I have to make a decision in January. Look forward to your thoughts, I appreciate the huge effort you put into all of the testing you do to benefit all of us.

  16. Hi Steve – Very helpful information on your site.

    My requirements are fairly simple and primarily consist of internet access for music and kids YouTube while cruising of a weekend. That said, I like to buy quality equipment and future proof as much as possible. Where we spend most of our time, the 4G signal is weak and barely usable. 5G is just being deployed and I should have “ok” coverage in 12 months.

    I was planning to order a Max Transit 5G, but have been advised that there is a shortage of stock and the ETA is likely to be 6+ months. As an alternative, the supplier has offered a BRI Pro 5G which is almost 2x the cost. Is this a good option, or would I be better using a Max Transit Duo and leveraging SpeedFusion?

    Also, any views on the Pepwave 40G Marine antenna?



    • Hi Ash,

      I would be wary of 5G being stronger than 4G – if you already have weak signal on 4G, make sure they are actually investing in 5G in that area. It’s pretty typical for 5G to follow 4G coverage, so that could be a concern.

      The choice you’re trying to make is one I get asked about frequently, and it’s because the MAX Transit 5G and BR1 Pro 5G aren’t easy to choose from.

      The MAX Transit 5G has a worse WiFi radio than the BR1 Pro 5G which is disappointing. However, it does have WiFi as WAN, which is a commonly used feature on boats, while the BR1 Pro 5G does not. The BR1 also has a better CPU which allows it to do more in general.

      The bigger challenge is that a more enterprise or flagship product in the MAX Transit 5G is CHEAPER than the BR1? All I can assume is at some point Peplink will come out with a refreshed MAX Transit that will have a similar or better CPU, but I don’t know when.

      I also don’t know if the modem in both of these is the same – the global version (not US) has the same band support, but that doesn’t mean they’re identical. My testing with the MAX Transit 5G has not been that impressive so far.

      As to whether you want a single or dual radio, that is dictated by your need for always on connectivity.

      The Pepwave 40G Marine Antenna looks amazing on paper – the best antenna out there. I hope to have some soon to test.

      • Steve – There are availability options on the Duo, so I have settled on the Max Transit CAT18. Would I be best with one 40G antenna, two 20G or something else?

        My boat is not that large (31ft cruiser), so I am concerned that a 40G may look pretty odd.

        • Hi Ash,
          Having two separate antennas is always better for diversity and performance. However, it might be good to look at the 40G and 20G specs to see the differences. From what I remember, the 40G had excellent performance in the lower bands which are important on the water, and the 20G slightly less.

  17. Steve – as others have said – thanks so much for sharing all of this great information. I am trying to set up the modular, cheaper boat internet you wrote about back in May, 2018. We have a Mikrotik Groove that we use to access marina wifi. For cellular access, the Netgear LB1120 you recommended back in 2018 appears to no longer be available. Can I use the Netgear Nighthawk M1 hotspot like the LB1120, i.e. connect it directly to my onboard router via ethernet? If not, do you know if there is a current replacement for the Netgear LB1120? I am fine with manually switching between marina wifi and cellular by changing the input to the router.

    Thanks again!

    • Hi Tricia,
      There is a new model called the LM1200 that appears to be the upgrade to the LL120. I’ve not tested it myself, but it has similar properties to the original one. If you wanted something a bit more flexible, I would definitely consider the Nighthawk. There is a 5G version I am just now testing that has an ethernet port on it (expensive though) which I will be writing about soon. It could be used in the same way, but also is a WiFi hotspot itself just in case other things fail.

      • Hi Steve – I purchased the LM1200 and an ATT 100GB prepaid data plan. The LM1200 will not connect to the ATT network. ATT is telling me that the LM1200 is not compatible with ATT even though the LM1200 literature says it is certified for use with ATT. I also bought a Nighthawk hotspot so I might try that next.

      • The Nighthawk MR1100 that I purchased on Amazon also did not work with the ATT SIM card they gave me. ATT said it was a Netgear problem while Netgear said it was an ATT problem. I went to another ATT store and bought an ATT branded Nighthawk MR1100 which finally worked with an ATT 100GB data plan sim. Took more than ten hours but looks like we will have internet as we head south this week. Thanks again for the great info!


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